What will my child learn in Year 2?
This will be your child's last year learning the Key Stage 1 curriculum. Like all year groups, Year 2 has a set of age related expectations. The children will be assessed throughout the year to see if they have reached these standards. All children are helped in order to achieve this and are given extra support and guidance if needed.
Teachers submit Year 2 teacher assessments to the government at the end of the year. Throughout Year 2, we will be assessing your child daily and will have identified any areas they need to focus on, adapting learning accordingly. If your child did not pass the phonics screening in Year 1, they will also need to resit this.
1. Developing reading skills
In English, the children will continue to work on the phonics they started in Year 1, aiming to read words by sight without having to sound them out. They will also develop reading fluency through daily guided reading sessions. Children will be regularly read to, to develop their understanding and love of texts.
Children will learn further spelling patterns and rules, and begin to apply those in their writing. They will look at the possessive apostrophe, homophones, and near-homophones and suffixes. There will be a more detailed focus on handwriting, with children encouraged to form their letters correctly, learn which letters are to be joined and make letters a consistent size. We will expect their handwriting to be cursive.
Children will learn to write for a range of purposes including stories, poetry and real events. This will be taught through Talk for Writing, where children will learn a text off-by-heart. They will then imitate and invent their own texts applying the skills they have been taught.
Grammar is a hot topic in Year 2! Children this age are expected to understand the following terms, to be able to spot them in their reading and apply them in their writing:
Noun, adjective, adverb, suffix, subordination, noun phrase, past tense, present tense, statement, question, exclamation, command, capital letter, full stop, question mark, exclamation mark, compound sentence, and expanded noun phrase.
Mathematics in Year 2 focuses on the 2, 5, and 10 times tables, Children will learn multiplication and division facts for these tables. They will also learn to add and subtract with two-digit and one-digit numbers.
In fractions, they will find ⅓, ¼, ½, and ¾ of a shape or a quantity of objects. Children will study measures, including weight, capacity, and length, and they will learn to tell the time to five minutes. They will also study properties of 2D and 3D shapes, as well as a range of data-handling methods such as bar charts and pictograms.
By the end of Year 2, children will be expected to know the number bonds to 20 and be precise in using place value. The ‘mastery’ style of teaching, which is emphasised in our curriculum, concentrates on breadth of knowledge. Children will be encouraged to use their understanding of the new concepts to solve challenges to deepen their understanding.
Science in Year 2 is engaging and fun. Expect your child to learn about living things and their habitats, plants, animals (including humans), and uses of everyday materials. They will also learn how to work scientifically, how to observe closely, and how to record their observations.
What do the KS1 SATs entail?
At the end of Year 2, all pupils will take SATs in reading, SPAG (spelling, punctuation, and grammar), and maths. We call this a quiz rather than a test, to avoid placing unnecessary pressure on the children.
The reading test is made up of two papers, each worth 50% of the marks. They are designed to take roughly 30 minutes, although the children won’t be strictly timed.
The SPAG test consists of two papers; one is a spelling test of approximately 15 minutes and the other is another short paper which will focus on punctuation and grammar.
The maths test is also split into two papers. The first is arithmetic where the basic understanding of place value and number is tested. The second is reasoning, where your child will need to apply their problem solving and reasoning skills to show their understanding.
How can I help my child in Year 2?
1. Help them understand what they read
As reading comprehension is so important this year, checking your child’s understanding of the book they are reading is an excellent way to support them. You can help them engage with their reading on a deeper level by asking questions about the plot such as:
You can also do this when you are reading to them, which is still so important at this age. Children learn a lot from the way we read aloud and we can encourage them to see how the author’s use of punctuation changes the way we read their work.
Think about pointing out statements, commands, questions, or exclamations when reading with your child. You might want to use a range of voices to show how types of sentences and punctuation can be read in different ways.
2. Mix it up
Giving your child access to a variety of writing styles – including a range of fiction and non-fiction books – will expand their vocabulary and knowledge as well as develop their reading fluency.
3. Explore real-life maths
Any opportunity to use maths in a real-life context is really useful. For example, ask them to help you pay for goods or calculate change when shopping. This will help to develop their reasoning and problem solving skills. Learning to tell the time, especially to five minutes, is another great way to support your child’s learning at home; this also links neatly to their counting in 5s in the 5 times-table.
Perhaps most importantly for maths, you can help your child at home by practising their times tables (2, 5 and 10) regularly. There are many different ways you can do this, but it is beneficial if your child can use and apply this knowledge – for example, not just knowing that 10 × 2 is 20, but also realising that 20 divided by 2 is 10.
You could use journey time to school to give your child fun times table challenges. You can also make up word problems relating times-tables facts to real life.
4. Encourage independence
Finally, you can develop their independence at home by encouraging your child to get dressed on their own or organise their belongings more independently. This will help enormously as they move up through the school!